When you decided to own a pet python, every detail about your pet is invaluable in making sure your pet is healthy and comfortable. Python owners, like owners of other pets, are usually keen to provide everything their pet needs.
To keep both the owner and the pet happy, in this article, I focus on the habitat of pythons and what needs to be done when they are reared as pets in an artificial environment. Many pythons suffer silently if they don't get a warm, cozy place to live in that approximates their natural habitat in a few important ways.
So how can you rear python in a friendly setting? What type of habitat should you provide? How do you get your pet to enjoy your company?
Your Python's Cage Size:
Python husbandry begins with getting a proper cage: One that is the right size, has proper lighting and ventilation, facilitates humidity and temperature control and is absolutely secure.
Choosing the right size is critical. Too small, and the animal will feel cramped. Too big, and the animal can feel stressed.
How to tell?
There are basically two types of pythons ... those that live on land, and those that live on the branches of trees.
If your python is predominantly terrestrial, the rule of thumb for its cage size is that the perimeter (distance measured all the way around the cage) should be at least TWICE the length of the snake, and the ratio of the length to width should be 3 to 2.
For example, a 5 foot (1.5 meter) python would require at least a 10 foot perimeter cage ... applying the 3: 2 ratio, that would mean a minimum cage size of 3' x 2'.
A 10 foot python would require a 20 foot perimeter ... 6' x 4' cage would be the minimum.
Complexity of the Cage:
Most Pythons do very well in a simple cage. All require a water bowl and some sort of hiding place. And the water bowl must be disinfected regularly, since the python may have unwittingly used it as a bathroom.
Material the Cage is Made From:
Cages are made of different materials like acrylic, plywood, melamine and compressed shelving board. Each has its advantages and disadvantages.
Acrylic .. strong, transparent, and light weight. Pliable and easy to clean. The only disadvantage is its higher cost :-(